Two penguin species live alongside a moving tribute to lives lost during exploration
Petermann Island marks the extremes for two Antarctic species - not bad for a small rock less than a mile long!
This rocky outcrop that rises 500ft above the sea has a permanent covering of ice. The island is just south of Booth Island in the Lemaire Channel. Petermann Island is volcanic in origin, and it has a permanent icecap covering more than half of its surface. It’s home to the northernmost colony of Adelie penguins, but also the southernmost colony of Gentoo penguins.
First mapped by a French expedition in 1909, Petermann Island is also home to breeding colonies of skuas and Wilson’s storm petrels. There’s also a good chance to observe Weddell, crabeater, and fur seals.
Visitors can hike up to the highest point of the island, where a cross and cairn remembers three members of the British Antarctic Survey who died in 1982 attempting to cross the sea ice from Petermann Island to Vernadsky station. There is also a refuge hut built by an Argentian expedition in 1955 - its red metal walls make a fantastic contrast against the snow and ice.
Interesting facts about Petermann Island
Charcot’s second French Antarctic expedition wintered aboard the Porquois-Pais at this location and a number of associated artefacts remain visible, including a cairn (Historic Site and Monument No. 27), chains, a tide mark and the letters ‘PP’ engraved in stone. On the site there is an Argentine refuge hut. The death of three members of the British Antarctic Survey in 1982 is marked by a commemorative cross.
Pictures of Petermann Island
Highlights Close to Petermann Island
D’Hainaut Island, Mikkelsen Harbour, Trinity Island
Wordie House, Winter Island
Danco Island, Errera Channel
Georges Point, Rongé Island
Port Charcot, Booth Island
Animals in Petermann Island
Our trips to Petermann Island